What is internet of things (IoT)? - Tekonoloji

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What is internet of things (IoT)?

Twenty years ago, being online meant connecting an internete with a desktop computer connected to a fixed phone line. Today, we can be online even with an accessory we wear with the technology of IoT, or Objects, of the Internet, or even the clothes we wear. Through smartphones and clocks, we can control our e-mails at any time or calculate how many steps we take during the day. Even the fridge in our house can warn us that we should get milk from the market on the way home.

So much is written and drawn about IoT devices. Every day a technology leader talks about it. General Electric's General Manager Bill Ruh also emphasized that companies need to invest in this issue by saying "the way to reach the next level of productivity" for IOT technologies. The business world's meeting with IoT technologies is also reflected in job advertisements. According to LinkedIn, in the third quarter of 2017, content about IOT has increased fourfold compared to two years ago. Job vacancies are doubling every quarter.

What does IoT technology bring?

Everyday, everyday, industrial production is rapidly changing with these devices. Nets are evolving to unprecedented levels. While IOT facilitates life by saving time for individuals, it also carries an unlimited number of innovation potentials for businesses. Although the media is more interested in consumer goods such as Apple's smart watches, Gartner analyst Mark Hung said that qualified industries such as energy companies are investing heavily in these devices.

Many in-field IOT devices provide advantages to industrial control systems, to monitoring devices, from medical devices to production systems. Real-time information from devices; increasing efficiency and bringing businesses to the forefront. Companies; customers can learn more about manufacturing machines or supply chains and use it to develop strategies.

Now our cities are intelligent and the use of IOT devices in infrastructure projects can save important resources and even lives. In places like smart cities and critical infrastructures, these tools can save energy, important resources and even lives. For this reason, experts think that companies will increase their IOT investments. Even Gartner predicts that more than half of the new business processes and systems will contain an IOT component by 2020.

On the other hand, estimates for IOT expenditures vary considerably. Research company Technavio believes that the market value of IOT can be almost $ 132 billion in 2020. Gartner predicts $ 440 billion will be spent on IOT in 2020. IDC thinks global spending will reach $ 1.29 trillion in the same year.

Are we really ready to transform?

Adapting the Internet of objects to the world of work is a process that goes a little slower than a revolution. At the moment these devices are being used to increase productivity. Companies are still creating this technology within their own institutions, in the process of understanding and getting help about this technology. There are a few large giants such as Google, Microsoft, Amazon and IBM that allow institutions to access information from anywhere on the planet.

There are many reasons why this transformation does not happen, but perhaps the most important is the cyber security problems. An increasing number of IOT devices are greatly expanding the potential attack surface. While spending billions of dollars on cyber security resources, cyber attacks continue to grow rapidly. Moreover, attacks are now more difficult and more intelligent to detect. Experts say that by 2020 25% of the cyber attacks will be directed against IoT devices.

In the past days, Fortinet published an article that warned leading companies about cyber attacks. According to this article, more than 4,000 ransom attacks are being made every day and 30,000 to 50,000 devices are hacked with these attacks per month. The biggest damage to these attacks is the duration of out-of-service. Last year, 63% of ransom companies reported that they had an interruption that threatened their business. Worse; if the attack is made to health or critical infrastructure providers during this time, they can put their lives at risk.

These probable attacks make it difficult for companies to calculate the return on their investment in this area. For this reason, the process is slower than the potential speed.

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